NJF SEMINAR 483

Soil degradation, theory, evidence and protection activities

Sep. 22 - 25, 2015 in Lithuania

Topics

Soil acidifcation management

Soil erosion problems in the Baltic Sea Coastal Zone

Soil organic matter as a key factor of soil fertility and ecosystem Productivity

Soil structure and sustainability

Management of soil organisms and biological processes in soil

Modern and innovative measures to mitigate soil degradation

Keynote speakers

Svein Skøien, president of the NJF, Norway

Title of the presentation:Implementation of practical measures to prevent soil erosion and nutrient runoff from agricultural areas.

Professor Kristiina Regina, Natural Resources Institute Finland

Title of the presentation: Constraints of soil carbon sequestration in Northern European croplands

Dr. Anna Gałązka, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Poland

Title of the presentation: Application of soil biological and biochemical parameters as indicators of   soil health and fertility as influenced by different agrotechnical practices

Background

Serious problems of land degradation and failing soil fertility are rapidly declining production levels in large parts of the world. Human-induced soil degradation worldwide has affected about 2000 million ha or 15 % of the total land area. Water erosion is thought to be a major reason for such extent of soil degradation. Due to this, the EU annually loses from 8 to 12 million ha of good, fertile soil and, if estimated in financial terms, this makes up a loss of about 40 million €. As a result, a search for solutions how to sustainably intensify production is becoming one of the key issues for agricultural and soil sciences. Modern intensive agriculture based on the use of chemicals poses a major threat to nature and primarily to soil.

The problem is further expanded by farmers seeking maximal yields and attempting to offset poor soil and crop management by excessive use of fertilizers or pesticides, which results in contamination of soil and agricultural products. All this disturbs vital soil ecological functions such as chemical buffering capacity, organic matter decomposition, nutrient cycling, biodiversity and aesthetic functions. Soil degradation most often manifests itself through the loss of humus, reduction of biological activity, destruction of structure, increasing compaction, acidification, salinization, nutrient leaching and runoff.

The capacity of soil to counteract various anthropogenic loads is limited and eventually is not capable of resisting the increased physical, chemical and biochemical loads and thus loses part of its valuable functions (e.g. productivity, biological filter, neutralizer of harmful compounds).

The aim of this seminar is to come up with ideas and provide answers to some of the urgent questions - how to protect the soil from human-induced degradation and to achieve sustainable management in compliance with the soil protection regulations. The fact that the solution to the above-mentioned problems is highly relevant and pressing has been endorsed in the resolution of the United Nations – the year 2015 has been declared as the International Year of Soils.

Program

 

22 September : Arrival, registration. Sightseeing in Klaipeda (sightseeing tour “Klaipeda in the Prussian Kingdom”; Klaipeda city panorama view from the bird flight  from St. Mergelės Marijos Taikos Karalienės Church tower, which is 46.5 meters height).

23 September: Seminar at the Vėžaičiai branch of Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry (LRCAF). Oral/poster sessions from 09.00 until 20.00

Gala dinner dedicated to the 80th anniversary of the Vėžaičiai branch of LRCAF.

24 September: Visiting the unique long – term liming, fertilization, erosion and lysimetric experiments of Vėžaičiai branch of LRCAF. Excursion to the most unique place in Lithuania – the Curonian Split ( during tour we will enjoy astonishing breathtaking views of the Curonian Lagoon, landscape of sand dunes, cultural elements including the remains of postal tracks, trade villages from the 10th and 11th centuries, traditional fishermen villages and other archaeological heritage covered by sand). In parallel  of the Seminar – expedition (The expedition will be dedicated to International Year of Soil - 2015 and organized by Lithuanian Soil Science Society. The aim of this expedition – to evaluate the peculiarities of Albeluvisols and to analyze modifications of WRB 2014 in relevance to Lithuania. During the expedition there will be 2-3 types of Albeluvisols presented (2 types of afforested landscapes and 1 agrarian landscape).

25 September:  Scientific conference – expedition (The aim of this expedition – to evaluate the peculiarities of Albeluvisols and to analyze modifications of WRB 2014 in relevance to Lithuania. Expedition is organized by Lithuanian Soil Science Society).

Practical info

Seminar Contact:
Ieva Jokubauskaite jokubauskaite.ieva@gmail.com
LRCAF Vėžaičiai branch, Gargždų 29, Vėžaičiai, Klaipėda distr., Lithuania.
Phone: +370 46458233
Fax:     +370 46458777
Secretariat: Jurate Aleinikoviene jurate.alainikoviene@as.lt 

Important deadlines

  • Abstracts submission: prolonged  until August 24, 2015
  • Announcement of accepted abstracts: prolonged  until August 31, 2015
  • Submission of scientific papers: prolonged  until September 21, 2015
  • Closing of registration: September 1, 2015

The participation fee should be paid till 15th of September, 2015. Invoice will be sent to participants after registration. Notification of scientific paper acceptance will be announced after the Seminar.

Call for   papers and posters

Proposals for oral presentations and posters relevant   to the seminar are welcome.
Oral presentations are limited to 15 minutes.
Please send a summary of maximum one A4-page according to the   NJF standard indicating the preferred communication (poster/oral presentation)   directly to jokubauskaite.ieva@gmail.com   before   August 24, 2015. Authors will receive notification of acceptance by August 31,   2015. The  abstracts will be printed and distributed at the arrival to the conference.

We also encourage all participants to   present a scientific paper. Selected papers by Seminar Scientific committee   will be published in the scientific journals: “Zemdirbyste – Agriculture” (http://www.zemdirbyste-agriculture.lt/)   and “Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B – Soil & Plant Science”   (http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/sagb20/current).

Travel information
Klaipeda City is situated alongside the Baltic Sea, on beautiful west coast of the Republic of Lithuania. It is possible to arrive to the city by sea, land and air connections.

By air:

You can choose from four international airports:

  • Palanga International Airport is situated 25 km away from Klaipeda City (http://www.palanga-airport.lt/en).
  • Kaunas International Airport is situated 221 km away from Klaipeda City (https://www.kaunas-airport.lt/index.php?lang=en).
  • Vilnius International Airport is situated 307 km away from Klaipeda City (http://www.vilnius-airport.lt/en/) .
  • Riga International Airport is situated 305 km away from Klaipeda City (http://www.riga-airport.com/)

 Car rental and express transportation by minibus from the airports to Klaipeda city services are available (http://www.ollex.lt/en).

By ferry:

International ferry terminal is situated in Klaipeda and to the the city centre you could drive by taxi or car.

Regular ferry lines for passengers, cars and cargo:

Klaipėda - Kiel (Germany),

Klaipėda - Karlshamn (Sweden)

More information: www.lisco.lt

By road:

Distance between Klaipeda and capital city Vilnius is 330 km. A highway system ensures speedy travel for all car drivers.

By bus:

Klaipėda Bus station is situated 15 minutes walk from the center of the town.

More information on Klaipėda city bus network: www.klap.lt

More information on other bus services:  www.eurolines.lt

By train:

Klaipėda Train station is situated next to Bus station, only 15 minutes walk from the center of the town.

More information: www.litrail.lt

Additional information

Accommodation is not included in the seminar fee. Each participant has to cover hotel and travel expenses. Please note that accommodation and hotel room reservation has to be made directly with arrangement of seminar organizers.

Seminar organizers suggest to stay in these hotels for the special price for seminar participants:

  • Amberton hotel (http://ambertonhotels.com/en/klaipeda/)

Economy class room -  34 Eur

Standard room – 53Eur (for additional price you can book a standard room with the sea view)

Deluxe room – 63 Eur

  • Navalis hotel (http://www.navalis.lt/en.php)

Bussines class room – 39 Eur